Removal of tissue for testing (biopsy). Both tobacco and alcohol are carcinogenic, which means they contain chemicals that can damage the DNA in cells and lead to cancer. From basic information about cancer and its causes to in-depth information on specific cancer types – including risk factors, early detection, diagnosis, and treatment options – you’ll find it here. In human papillomavirus (HPV) infections, the virus causes cells to make 2 proteins known as E6 and E7. The carcinogenic juices escape during the “chewing” process and travel to other areas of the body. When these are made, they turn off some genes that normally help keep cell growth in check. As a result, oral cancer and other cancers associated with head and neck treat similarly. The exact cause of mouth cancer in dogs is not clear, but many vets believe that environmental carcinogens (cancer-causing agents) may play a role in causing oral cancer in dogs. HPV can infect the mouth and throat and cause cancers of the oropharynx (back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils). Most commonly, the areas affected are the mouth, throat, cervix, and the anus. Scientists are not sure whether alcohol directly damages DNA, but they have shown that alcohol helps many DNA-damaging chemicals get into cells more easily. If your cancer is advanced, then the oncologist will want to do tumor sequencing. Some genes called proto-oncogenes can help control when cells grow and divide. What does it take to outsmart cancer? But they do know many of the risk factors and how some of them may lead to cells becoming cancerous. When dealing with a tumor, time is of the essence. Become a volunteer, make a tax-deductible donation, or participate in a fundraising event to help us save lives. Doctors and scientists can’t say for sure what causes each case of oral cavity or oropharyngeal cancer. The mutations changes tell the cells to continue growing and dividing when healthy cells would die. Whether you want to learn about treatment options, get advice on coping with side effects, or have questions about health insurance, we’re here to help. more. Many variables come into play when you’re facing oral cancer, so you need to have a medical team that can work with you to find the best solution. Teeth whiteners have become widely used in recent years. Cancer is defined as the uncontrollable growth of cells that invade and cause damage to surrounding tissue. Most commonly, mouth cancer spreads to the neck first as it’s the closest area. Causes of mouth cancer. There might be things you have heard of that we haven’t included here. The hygiene advocacy group warned people to be aware of the causes of mouth cancer — primarily the sexually transmitted human papillomavirus (HPV), drinking alcohol and smoking. Some people won’t require treatment as surgical intervention is all that is needed. Others may have no external cause — they may just occur because of random DNA changes (mutations) inside a cell. As dogs use their nose often to smell and sniff, it is possible that they breathe in quite a few carcinogens in the environment. Some risk factors for developing mouth cancer include having an unhealthy diet, eating betel nuts, using smokeless or chewing tobacco products, having HPV or human papillomavirus, and having poor oral hygiene. These wounds can be caused by broken teeth that have jagged edges that make cuts on the tongue or gums. Physical exam. The main risk factors for most mouth cancers are tobacco and alcohol consumption. Causes of Mouth and Tongue Cancer When it comes to the mouth or oral cancer, the leading causes in the United States are alcohol and tobacco. For most people, it seems to hit at the worst possible time. Uncontrolled cell growth may in some cases lead to cancer. Even smokeless tobacco, such as the habit of chewing tobacco can lead to oral cancer. … If you smoke, drink or have unprotected sex, you’re at risk for oral cancer. Whether you or someone you love has cancer, knowing what to expect can help you cope. You will be referred to both radiologists and pathologists who specialize in these types of cancers. poor oral hygiene and gum disease. The leading causes of mouth cancer in the UK are tobacco and alcohol. When a person has a presence of both white and red spots, then the medical term erythroleukoplakia is used. It’s even possible to have tonsil and jaw cancer, though that is extremely rare. Exposure to sun’s ultra violet rays: May cause lip cancer [17]. Dealing with cancer is something that no one wants to face. Most oral cancers are related to tobacco use, alcohol use (or both), or infection by the human papilloma virus (HPV). While the white patches aren’t always malignant, they can quickly become cancerous. 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