These issues are addressed in turn below. This is a pivotal moment when we face unprecedented challenges to food security and the preservation of our global environment. Before founding Tiny Farms, Brentano ran a web development firm and worked to optimize and commercialize artificial intelligence systems for automating mission-critical customer service systems for small businesses and Fortune 500 companies. Meryl Williams Sitemap  |  Terms of Use  |  Privacy Policy  |  Intranet  |  FAQsCopyright © 2019 Asian Productivity Organization. We’ve already cleared an area roughly the size of South America to grow crops. The future food challenge There is also a huge opportunity to replace the meat used in pet food with insect protein. Consumers in the developed world could reduce waste by taking such simple steps as serving smaller portions, eating leftovers, and encouraging cafeterias, restaurants, and supermarkets to develop waste-reducing measures. It requires a bare fraction of the water used to irrigate field crops and zero pesticides. The goal is to develop impactful ideas through multispectral thinking and exchange of culture. The global huma n population is expe cted to exceed 9 billion by 2050 (UN estimate s), increasing the pressure on the food sectors to maximi ze production and reduce wast e. The world population is expected to reach 9.8 billion by 2050, according to a report by the United Nations.The same report sounds a dire warning that the current methods of producing, distributing and consuming food will not be sustainable nor effective to feed everyone in the future and that the threat of a food shortage is imminent. [20] http://beyondmeat.com/ There is one sector of our agricultural production which deserves extra attention and that is animal livestock production. Feeding 9 billion by 2050 – Putting fish back on the menu. The world will be home to nine billion people by 2050 and anticipated higher incomes will increase per-capita consumption. Brentano is co-founder and CEO of Tiny Farms Inc., an agritech precision-farming company that combines natural systems, proprietary production methods, and processing technology to produce cost-effective cricket protein at scale. An estimated 25 percent of the world’s food calories and up to 50 percent of total food weight are lost or wasted before they can be consumed. Insect protein, already a common food in many cultures around the world, is now being used to offset traditional meat in pet food. Canada can be a leader in a co-ordinated, effective response to this slow-burning crisis. Developing alternatives to meat follows simple logic and thus has received significant attention and investment. To raise livestock, we’ve taken over even more land, an area roughly the size of Africa. By 2050, the world’s population is predicted to reach 9 billion people – that is 2 billion more people than now who will need to eat. It’ll just take some work. [6] http://blogs.worldbank.org/opendata/miga/chart-globally-70-freshwater-used-agriculture Increasing food production today while preserving tomorrow’s … Jonathan Foley directs the Institute on the Environment at the University of Minnesota. Poultry and fish have the best conversion rates, while sheep and cows have the worst and pork lands in the middle. Twenty-six percent of ice-free land on the planet is used to graze livestock, and another 33% of all our croplands grow feed for animals [17]. Using high-tech, precision farming systems, as well as approaches borrowed from organic farming, we could boost yields in these places several times over. Though many of us consume meat, dairy, and eggs from animals raised on feedlots, only a fraction of the calories in feed given to livestock make their way into the meat and milk that we consume. The arguments can be fierce, and like our politics, we seem to be getting more divided rather than finding common ground. Today only 55 percent of the world’s crop calories feed people directly; the rest are fed to livestock (about 36 percent) or turned into biofuels and industrial products (roughly 9 percent). Avoiding further deforestation must be a top priority. Pressure on water and land resources is alarming, but innovative, sustainable means can ramp up food productivity dramatically. At the same time, many countries have growing middle classes, which means more money to spend on food, especially meat. NPR’s “The Takeaway” program recently examined the “The Biggest Challenges Facing America and the World.” The episode included an interview with USDA Chief Scientist and Undersecretary Catherine Woteki on the challenge of being able to feed a world population that is estimated to reach more than 9 billion people by the year 2050. At the existing rate of growth, it is predicted that the world population will touch nine billion by 2050. Feeding 9 billion by 2050. Recent studies suggest that the world will need 70 to 100% more food by 2050 ( 1, 18 ). In rich countries most of that waste occurs in homes, restaurants, or supermarkets. [22] https://justforall.com/ New CRISPR gene-editing tools offer the potential to quickly and easily develop whole lines of designer crops, optimized for resilience in shifting environments, higher yields, and resistance to pests and blights. However, the situation is far more serious than the glossy headlines indicate. Warming temperatures are enabling the spread of agricultural pests to new latitudes[12],  and rising CO2 levels are resulting in ocean acidification, which among other effects reduce the productivity of shellfish like oysters [13], thus endangering whole ecosystems and valuable food sources. Simply stopping waste in the food chain will get us a good way towards where we need to be. Even with high-quality feed, livestock must eat several times their own body weight during growth. We can achieve this by reducing waste, closing the nutrient loop by capturing and upcycling by-products, switching production to more efficient crops, and optimizing production. There will be nearly 10 billion people on Earth by 2050—about 3 billion more mouths to feed than there were in 2010. All rights reserved. Much of the growth will actually come from Sub-Saharan Africa itself as by 2050 as the continent’s population is expected to double and the per capita GDP income being expected to triple . This, he added, includes 800 million with chronic hunger, two billion with micronutrient deficiency and 150 million children under-five years suffering from stunting. Entire Third, growing food on land is only part of the equation. The world’s population will grow from almost 7 billion now to over 9 billion in 2050. As we’ve cleared areas of grassland and forest for farms, we’ve lost crucial habitat, making agriculture a major driver of wildlife extinction. Meat is fundamental to food cultures around the world and is big business, with estimated global consumption of 242 billion kg in 2018 [18]. Feeding 9 billion people by 2050 doesn’t necessarily mean a revolution in agricultural productivity. And there are even longer-term effects. No Fear. We work to offer objective, evidence-based information in an accessible manner for all. [15] http://climate.org/deforestation-and-climate-change/ Curtailing the use of food crops for biofuels could also go a long way toward enhancing food availability. The 9 billion people projected to inhabit the Earth by 2050 need not starve in order to preserve the environment, says a major report on sustainability out this week. By 2050 the world’s population will likely increase by more than 35 percent. Lightening the impact of animal agriculture involves developing nutritious and desirable alternatives to traditional meat and finding more efficient sources of feed for the livestock and fish that we do raise. One final challenge is labor. Taken together, these five steps could more than double the world’s food supplies and dramatically cut the environmental impact of agriculture worldwide. Feeding nine billion by 2050. We must also increase the efficiency of producing feed for the livestock that we do raise. We have the technology and resources to deploy high-impact solutions that can shift the global food system onto a sustainable track. To feed that population, crop production will need to double. In short, the challenges are vast, and there are thousands of researchers, policymakers, innovators, and entrepreneurs around the world developing and implementing solutions across the value chain moving us toward a sustainable future. With the world's population predicted to reach 9 billion people by the year 2050, issues related to global food security have taken on a growing urgency. This implies significant … This implies significant … To feed our current growing population, we have to implement strategies to produce more from less. March 2015; Food Security 7(2) DOI: 10.1007/s12571-015-0427-z. 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