"[7][8] Arguing that "as Christianity gained ground in different nations, slavery was abolished", and appealing to the earlier ruling in Somerset v Stewart in England, Dundas said "he hoped for the honour of Scotland, that the supreme Court of this country would not be the only court that would give its sanction to so barbarous a claim. He was sent to England as a diplomat by Mary, Queen of Scots. The wrecking of the Sea Horse, Boadicea and Lord Melville took place during a gale off the east coast of Ireland on 30 January 1816. [15] For the first time, Parliament voted to end the slave trade. [51] The garden surrounding the Melville Monument was opened to the public in 2008. Dundas spearheaded a vain attempt by the British to capture Saint-Domingue from the French amidst the chaos of the Haitian Revolution. [1], Robert married firstly; Katherine Adamson; secondly Mary Leslie, daughter of Andrew Leslie, Earl of Rothes; thirdly, Jean Stewart, daughter of Robert, Earl of Orkney. I would have given a thousand pounds for that shake. The Entail of Leven There were demonstrations against the statue during the Black Lives Matter protests in June 2020. His mission was to collect a subsidy or annuity of £4,000 which Elizabeth gave to James VI, and ask for 34 elm trees for the king's garden. Earl of Melville is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. [25][26][27][28] They maintain that when Dundas inserted the word "gradual" into the debate, he in effect postponed the discussion on the slave trade until an unspecified date in the future, and subverted the British abolitionist movement. The monument was paid for mostly by friends and Naval personnel. He was educated at the Edinburgh High School, and entered parliament when aged twenty-three, in 1794, as M.P. He promptly met the challenge of Napoleon's attack on Egypt with actions which were vigorous and pivotal. The trial attracted considerable notice because of "dislike of patronage and the Pittite ‘system’, anti‐Scottish bias, and advocacy of financial and parliamentary reform. Lord Melville, as First Lord of the Admiralty, is present or a background character in several of Patrick O'Brian's Aubrey-Maturin novels. It cost £8,000. He was friends with John Graves Simcoe, Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada. His pleading in Scotland's highest court was successful, and the Court ruled: "the dominion assumed over this Negro, under the law of Jamaica, being unjust, could not be supported in this country to any extent". [1] Career: The statue has proven to be controversial, because of the role Dundas played as Secretary of State for War in delaying the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade during the 1790s. He was baptised at the Monimail Parish Church on the 11th of the same month. At the end of the "lang siege" of the castle he was imprisoned at Holyroodhouse and at Lethington Castle (now Lennoxlove. Dundas was born in Edinburgh on 28 April 1742 in the house known as 'Bishop's Land' (a former lodging of the Archbishop of St. Andrews) on the Royal Mile. [1] He was the son of John Melville, 3rd Lord Melville of Monymaill and Anne Erskine. He was made Lord Raith, Monymaill and Balwearie and Viscount of Kirkcaldy at the same time, also in the Peerage of Scotland. In 1778, Dundas made an attempt at proposing a Bill to relieve Scottish Catholics of their legal disabilities, but in response to severe riots in Edinburgh and Glasgow abandoned the project. [49], A monument to him, modeled loosely on Trajan's Column in Rome, stands in the centre of St Andrew Square, Edinburgh. [12] Dundas was not present for that vote, but when it was again before MPs in 1792, Dundas tabled a petition from Edinburgh residents who supported abolition. He was portrayed as 'bookish', although a sweet and sincere man otherwise. And gave me a hearty shake by the hand. [43][44] However, he paid her a monthly annuity until his death, and his son continued the payments until her death at the age of 98. 40 km south of Norseman, later abandoned), which eventually led to the present Shire of Dundas. In 1776, Dundas acted as counsel to Joseph Knight, who had been purchased as a slave in Jamaica and was later taken to Scotland. for Hastings. It was not until 1807 that the House of Lords voted in favour of abolishing the trade in slaves. [40] He declined an offer of an earldom in 1809. ", BBC Radio Scotland, Disposable Brides, episode 2, 6 April 2011. Suspicion had arisen, however, as to the financial management of the Admiralty, of which Dundas had been treasurer between 1782 and 1800. The family gained its surname from the 1655 marriage of George Melville, Fourth Lord Melville and First Earl of Melville to Catherine Leslie a descendant of Alexander Leslie, first Earl of Leven. "[50] It was designed in 1821 by William Burn, who was advised by Robert Stevenson after residents of the square expressed concern about the adequacy of the foundations to support a column of such height. Mary Amanet was a passenger aboard The Ship Lord Melville I which sailed from England on Sunday, 15 September 1816 and arrived in Sydney, NSW Australia on 24 February 1817. She was 15 at the time of the marriage. Dwyer, John, and Alexander Murdoch. [31], From June 1793, Dundas was appointed President of the Board of Control, generally responsible for overseeing the conduct of the East India Company and British affairs in India, a post he would hold until 1801. [9] On 19 October 1573 Melville was questioned about negotiations for the marriage of Mary Queen of Scots to John of Austria, her escape from Lochleven Castle, her good and jewels, her proposed marriage to Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, the siege of Edinburgh Castle and those who supplied it with silver or gave loans secured against pledges of Mary's jewels. As the effective Minister for War as part of his Home Department responsibilities at the outbreak of the Wars of the French Revolution, he was Pitt's closest advisor and planner for Britain's military participation in the First Coalition. Walpole was disgusted with the governor's actions, pointing out that he had given the Maroons his word that they would not be transported off the island. Hamish MacPherson, "Henry Dundas: The Scotsman who kept slavery going", "Henry Dundas' private papers bought for Scots archive", https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m000nrpb#:~:text=Scotland%2C%20Slavery%20and%20Statues%20The%20Melville%20Monument%20in,follows%20the%20debate%20over%20how%20controversial%20politician%20, "The University of Edinburgh Belles Lettres Society (1759-64) and the Rhetoric of the Novel", "Obliterating our history by removing statues is path to repeating mistakes", "The Parliamentary History of England, From the Earliest Period to the Year 1803, Vol XXIX, (First Session of the Seventeenth Parliament; Second Session of the Seventeenth Parliament, 1791-1792), at 359. Oxford scholar Brian Young, a professor of intellectual history in the 18th century, notes that in 1792, the motion for immediate cessation of the slave trade was heading for certain defeat. [13] He then went on to affirm his agreement in principle with Wilberforce's motion: "My opinion has been always against the Slave Trade." [17], "Two painted ceilings from Rossend Castle, Burntisland, Fife", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Robert_Melville,_1st_Lord_Melville&oldid=979906259, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 September 2020, at 12:58. In 1594 he was friends with John Graves Simcoe, Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada amended then passed 230 favour. Earl of Leven speeches and manner of mediation was said to have been.... England he brought jewels, clothing, and horses to her at Castle! '' — lord melville wiki Wilberforce man otherwise a supporting character in the Peerage Scotland... A policy which would split the outgoing cabinet was rehabilitated and gained a role in the of... Alexander Leslie-Melville, styled Lord Balgonie, and horses to her at Bolton Castle her diplomat VI. 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